Johor Bahru is the
capital city of Johor in southern Malaysia. Johor Bahru is the
southernmost city of the Eurasian mainland. Pasir Pelangi, the royal
village, is located within Johor Bahru. Johor Bahru was founded in 1855
when the sovereign ruler of Johor, Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim, established
his administrative headquarters there.
That time Johor Bahru was known as Tanjung Puteri, was a small Malay fishing village. Temenggong Ibrahim
renamed Tanjung Puteri as Iskandar Puteri in 1858; His son and successor,
Temenggong Abu Bakar (Sultan from 1885) renamed it Johor Bahru from
Iskandar Puteri during the grand opening of Istana Besar Johor on 1
With a population of approximately 900,000 in the city, and nearly 2
million in the metropolitan area, Johor Bahru is the second largest urban
area in Malaysia, after the national capital,
Kuala Lumpur, and its
associated Klang Valley region. Johor Bahru is easily reached from
Singapore, and receives majority of the country's foreign tourists via its
bridges and road links to
Singapore. The city is an important industrial,
tourism and commercial hub for southern Malaysia and one of the biggest
industrial centres of the country.
Majlis Bandaraya Johor Bahru or Johor Bahru City Council (MBJB) is a local
authority which administrates Johor Bahru city centre and other areas of
the Iskandar Malaysia area. This agency is under Johor state government.
MBJB are responsible for public health and sanitation, waste removal and
management, town planning, environmental protection and building control,
social and economic development and general maintenance functions of urban
infrastructure. The MBJB main headquarters is located at Jalan Dato' Onn
in Johor Bahru city centre.
Johor Bahru is the end point of the North-South Expressway. The
Johor-Singapore Causeway links the city to
Singapore with a six-lane road
and a railway line terminating at the Southern Integrated Gateway,
constructed in 2008. The Malaysia-Singapore Second Link, located west of
the metropolitan area, was constructed in 1997 to alleviate congestion on
the Causeway. It is linked directly to the Second Link Expressway, Johor
Bahru Parkway, Johor Bahru Railway Station, and the North-South
Johor Port is located on the eastern side of the metropolitan area in the
industrial area of Pasir Gudang. It is the country's most important
commodity and mineral resources seaport, as Johor is home to a large
number of major commercial plantations, and Pasir Gudang is home to a
majority of Malaysia's resources refineries.
Johor Bahru connects to regional and international centres by air with
Senai International Airport, located north-west of the metropolitan area,
serves regional and national airlines.