Kelantan is a state of Malaysia. The capital and royal seat is
Kota Bharu. Kelantan is positioned in the north-east of Peninsular
Malaysia. It is bordered by Narathiwat Province of
Thailand to the
north, Terengganu to the south-east,
Perak to the west, and Pahang to
the south. To the north-east of Kelantan is the South China Sea.
Kelantan is located in the north-eastern corner of the peninsula,
Kelantan, which is said to translate as the "Land of Lightning" (see
alternate theories below), is an agrarian state with lush paddy
fields, rustic fishing villages and casuarina-lined beaches. Kelantan
is home to some of the most ancient archaeological discoveries in
Malaysia, including several prehistoric aboriginal settlements.
Kelantan has a chiefly agrarian economy dominated by rice, rubber and
tobacco. Fishing along its 96-kilometre coastline is also an important
economic activity. Cottage industries which employ traditional skills
in handicraft production such as batik, woodcarving and songket
weaving are also evident.
Logging activities are active given the vast remaining area of forest.
In recent years, tourism, especially to offshore islands, has
increased in importance. A few reputable hotels have been established
and more modern shopping malls have been opened to cater for urban